Unfortunately, trauma can leave real scars behind. Some of those wounds you can see with your eyes, but others you feel deep in your heart.
If you’ve experienced trauma, you’re not alone. If you’re not sure how to deal with the pain, you’re also in good company.
Research can help you both understand your past and your path forward. This article can help. We’ll cover:
- The formal definition of trauma.
- Psychological trauma.
- Childhood trauma.
- Physical trauma.
- Addiction’s link to trauma.
- Treatment options.
- Prevention techniques.
- Official responses.
Research suggests that psychological trauma is more likely if the event is:
- Caused by a person (not nature).
- Ongoing (rather than a one-time issue).
- Unpredictable (rather than scheduled).
- Deliberate (rather than accidental or impulsive).
- Inflicted on a child.
- Initiated by an adult or a caregiver.
While the event is unfolding, the mind is overwhelmed with sensation and emotion. Brain cells can’t store the memory properly. That can make you feel as though you’re still trapped in that terrifying moment, even if it’s weeks or months later.
Some people with psychological trauma endure a form of disassociation. Their brain cells are still processing the event, and it hasn’t been pushed into memory. As a result, they may deny that anything bad happened. They simply cannot remember the details due to the damage the trauma caused.
This is especially common in people who endure the next type of trauma we’re about to discuss.