This is a sadness that never goes away and may include feeling anxious or “empty” inside. Often people have great lives. They may wonder why they are feeling so sad and empty for no reason. Also, this may be prolonged grief after a loss that doesn’t lessen over time.
Depression can make someone feel hopeless and that their life will never get better. These are false assumptions about circumstances in life. They may feel it is pointless to try to change anything. Additionally, someone may be pessimistic and unable to see the good in the world.
Frequently, friends, family, and co-workers may notice when someone seems grumpy all the time. Depressed people may do or say things that are out of character for them. As such, this can lead to angry outbursts or even aggression.
People may feel guilt at times for various reasons. But, with depression feelings of guilt, worthlessness, and helplessness are usually excessive and unwarranted.
This can sometimes be one of the first signs that lead someone to ask themselves, “Am I depressed?” They may wonder why they cannot enjoy things like they once did. As a result, they will experience disappointment from what their expectations were.
Someone struggling with depression usually has noticeable fatigue and less energy. This may appear to those around them as a lack of motivation or laziness. They may neglect their personal hygiene, household chores, and other responsibilities. Because of this, they may experience relationship and financial difficulties. In some cases, they could even lose their jobs or homes.
Depression can affect someone’s ability to think or focus. And, this affects their executive function. The extent of a person’s lack of function usually depends on the severity of their depression. This can greatly affect someone’s daily life, or even be a safety issue.
One of the most common symptoms of depression is a disturbance. They may have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep. Especially when under stress. Also, people who have insomnia are at a higher risk of developing depression. On the other hand, many people sleep too much and may have trouble getting out of bed.
Some people with depression may feel hungrier than normal. They may emotionally eat or eat for comfort. This is especially true during the winter months. Still, others will have less appetite, which can lead to unintentional weight loss.
Depression and pain share chemical messengers in the brain. Someone who suffers from a chronic illness or pain disorder often experiences depression. Likewise, someone who suffers from depression may experience a wide range of pain symptoms. This may include headaches, muscle, and joint pain, or gastrointestinal issues.
Things to Do
- Get plenty of sleep, exercise, and eat healthily
- Spend time with friends
- Play with a pet
- Former hobby or sport
- Volunteer or help someone
- Go to a concert or movie
- Get daily sunshine and enjoy nature
Things Not to Do
- Use drugs or alcohol
- Ignore being depressed
- Play sad music
- Feel guilty about depression
- Fixate on sad news and media