How Are Amphetamines Used?
Amphetamines, such as Adderall, Ritalin, Vyvanse, and Dexedrine, tolerance develops rapidly, so periods of extended use require larger doses increasingly to achieve the same effect. Amphetamines are typically swallowed orally or could be crushed and snorted, which poses a higher risk for health complications.
Regular use of amphetamines can result in various negative physical and mental health consequences, such as:
- Aggressive and paranoid hostility
- Heart Failure
The number of prescriptions for some of these medications has increased dramatically since the early 1990’s.
Studies have found that full-time college students, between the ages of 18 and 22, were twice as likely to abuse amphetamines than those of the same age not in college.
Individuals using amphetamines non-medically in college were also:
- Three times more likely to have used marijuana in the past year
- Eight times more likely to have used cocaine
- Five times more likely to have used painkillers non-medically
- 90% were reported binge drinkers and more than 50% were reported to be heavy drinkers
The continued abuse of amphetamines will render the user unable to sustain a lot of activity, causing the abuser to crash. The effects of amphetamines on the abuser’s personality are just as sheer as the physical effects, often causing deteriorations of the abuser’s behavior or appearance.
History of Amphetamines
Amphetamines first made an appearance in the late 1800’s, later being prescribed to treat conditions including obesity, depression, and hyperactivity. In the 1930’s, the media labeled amphetamines a “cure-all”, claiming they would solve problems from alcoholism to personality defects.
By the time the 1960’s arrived, amphetamines were reported as the cause of many heart attacks and strokes reported in young people. Stricter regulations were put in place for the manufacturing and distribution of amphetamines.
In the 1970’s, methamphetamine labs began sprouting in the Midwest, exacerbating the ‘speed’ problem in the United States with now more hazardous chemicals and effects.
One of the biggest dangers of amphetamines and related drugs is that new varieties are constantly created. The use of some drugs, such as crystal meth, continues to reach epidemic proportions.
ADHD medications have been listed as Schedule II drugs, meaning it is illegal to take them without a prescription especially since they are potentially addictive.